Six healthy young adult albino rats of either sex were allowed to have free. Pharmacognosy, phytochemistry and pharmacology of martynia annua shankul kumar 1, a. Cats claw, devils claw, tigers claw botanical name. Pdf antioxidant activities and phytochemical screening of. Bio synthesis of silver nanoparticles from leaf extracts. Jul 23, 2014 this page was last edited on 18 december 2019, at 03. Antioxidant activities and phytochemical screening of. However, the name iceplant may also refer to members of the unrelated plant family aizoaceae. Antioxidant activities of methanolic and aqueous extracts from. Thieme ejournals planta medica international open full text.
Therefore, in the current study, the free radical scavenging activity. The label martynia came from carl linnaeus considered to be the father of taxonomy who named the plant martynia annua after john martyn, a professor of botany in cambridge, england. Id on encyclopedia of life 486959 synonyms please check binomial classification section for synonyms. Pharmacognostic, phytochemical and pharmacological p. Comparative studies of burning rates and water boiling.
Epa region vi 1445 ross ave, suite 1200 dallas, texas 75202. Physicochemical and adsorption studies of activated. In the present study synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the leaves extract of the plant martynia annua. Leaves opposite, alternate on upper parts of stem, simple, without stipules. However, the name iceplant may also refer to members of the unrelated plant family aizoaceae it is native to mexico, central america and the caribbean, and has been introduced throughout the tropics. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs. Plant details information about martynia annua plant. This is to certify that the dissertation entitled on comparative evaluation of antimicrobial, anthelmintic and immunomodulatory activities of martynia annua l. To evaluate phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of aqueous, ethanol, acetone and petroleum ether extract of leaves of martynia annua. Preliminary pharmacological evaluation of martynia annua linn. Antioxidant activities of methanolic and aqueous extracts. Male rat hormone imbalance, testicular changes and toxicity.
Martynia annua belonging to martyniaceae family are found to be a rich source of substances of phytochemical interest. Martynia annua devils claw, bichu, is a medicinal plant of the family of martyniaceae, widely used. Vinchhi kanto, vinchhudo, devils claws plant family. Devils claw martynia annua is regarded as a significant environmental weed in the northern territory, where it is actively managed by community groups. Martynia annua leaf contained the highest amount of tannin 1.
It is also regarded as a potential environmental weed in other parts of northern australia and was recently listed as a priority environmental weed in one natural resource management region. As per plantlist martynia genus has four accepted species. Middle english, probably from middle flemish, from vulgar latin. Effects of flavonoids from martynia annua and tephrosia purpurea. This page was last edited on 18 december 2019, at 03. Martynia annua, phytochemical screening, antioxidant, dpph. Take the effort to eradicate the devils claw plant martynia annua, introduced from mexico to australia in the nineteenth century, probably as a horticultural oddity. Both 70% ethanol and water extracts of acacia nilotica, ziziphus spinachristi, abrus precatorius, and geigeria alata along with the 70% ethanol extract of martynia annua showed potent free radical scavenging activity. Flavonoids and tannins are major group of compounds that act as a primary antioxedants or free radical scanvengers. Epidermal structure and stomatal ontogeny in vegetative and floral organs of martynia annua l, pedalium murex l.
Martin scorsese synonyms, martin scorsese pronunciation, martin scorsese translation, english dictionary definition of martin scorsese. The methanol extract of martynia annua mema leaves at doses of 200. Sahu 2 1ghb pharmacy college, aniyad, shehra, gujarat, india. Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of leaf. The antimicrobial activity of the plant was determined by agar well diffusion method carried out by microdilution. Wound healing effect of flavonoid rich fraction and. Martynia annua, and ibicella lutea, have been introduced to other parts of the. Mid this article has been rated as midimportance on the. Martynia annua belongs to family martyniaceae is an herbaceous annual plant, spread throughout india.
Ipni nomenclature info for martynia annua nomenclatural information about martynia annua is provided by the international plant names index ipni. The dried materials were used for the preparation of activated carbons using physical and chemical activation methods as stated below. Common english names devils claws, tigers claw common hindi names ulatkanta, baghnakh common indian names. The raw seeds of martynia annua l and xanthiyam strumarium were collected from in and around erode taluk, tamil nadu, india. R medical university, chennai, is a bonafide project work carried out by gayathiri n. Physicochemical and adsorption studies of activated carbon. Antifertility effect of chronically administered martynia annua root extract on. Martynia annua is an indigenous plant found endemic in the indian subcontinent where it is commonly used for selftreatment of a variety of ailments and diseases. Herbs annual or perennial, sometimes with tuberous roots, usually viscid pubescent with uniseriate glandular hairs. Family martyniaccae, a glandular hairy annual herb and commonly known as bichchhu, used in epilepsy and applied locally to tuberculosis glands of camels neck. Effects of flavonoids from martynia annua and tephrosia purpurea on cutaneous wound healing santram lodhi, 1 avijeet jain, 2 alok pal jain, 3 rajesh singh pawar, 4 and abhay kumar singhai 1, 1 department of pharmaceutical sciences, dr.
Wound healing effect of flavonoid rich fraction and luteolin isolated from martynia annua linn. This article is within the scope of wikiproject plants, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of plants and botany on wikipedia. Asteraceae with a long history of use as an antimalarial remedy, has been reported to decrease fertility by impairment of sperm motility and viability in male rats nwanjo et al. Martynia annua belongs to family martyniaceae or pedaliaceae, is a wellknown small herbaceous annual plant, distributed throughout india. The qualitative phytochemical screenings were carried out by standard biochemical assays. Five basic principles, namely rasa taste, guna quality, vipaka post digestive taste, virya potency, and prabhava unexplained effect collectively known as rasapanchaka clarifies pharmacodynamics in ayurveda. The qualitative phytochemical screening of fruit extracts of martynia annua table 1 revealed the pressence of secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, tannins, anthocyanins, steroids and cardiac glycosides. It is commonly known as bichchhu, used in epilepsy and.
Middle english, probably from middle flemish, from vulgar latin marcatus. Assessment of rasapanchaka of martynia annua linn root gupta. The integrated taxonomic information system itis provides authoritative taxonomic information on martynia annua, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of north america and the world. Preliminary qualitative phytochemical analysis of some traditional. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks.
Evaluation certificate this is to certify that the dissertation entitled on comparative evaluation of antimicrobial, anthelmintic and immunomodulatory activities of martynia annua l. Research article phytochemical analysis of some traditional. Assessment of rasapanchaka of martynia annua linn root. They were broken in to small pieces, dried in sunlight until the moisture was evaporated. Family martyniaccae, commonly known as scorpion in hindi, bichchhu or baghnukh, has been used from ancient time in traditional medicine in india. Effects of flavonoids from martynia annua and tephrosia. Bio synthesis of silver nanoparticles from leaf extracts of. Effects of flavonoids from martynia annua and tephrosia purpurea on cutaneous wound healing santram lodhi1, avijeet jain2, alok pal jain3, rajesh singh pawar4, abhay kumar singhai1 1department of pharmaceutical sciences, dr. Martyniaceae earlier this plant was placed in pedaliaceae but as per recent changes it is known to be placed in martyniaceae by some authors and taxonomists.
The ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of india recommended the seed of martynia annua for arresting of graying of hair 15. Martynia annua, martyniaceae, kakanasika, antifertility. Antibacterial activity of leaf extracts of martynia annua,l. The juice of leaves used as a gargle for sore throat, fruit in inflammation, leaf paste has beneficial effect when applied to wounds of.
Gour university, sagar, madhya pradesh, india470003. Martynia annua, tephrosia purpurea, povidone iodine ointment, burn. In folk medicine, decoction of whole plant is administered in patients with pneumonia and cold fever. The free radicals play vital role in induction of various diseases. It is a herbaceous erect, branched, glandularhairy, annual herb growing to 0. Wound healing effect of flavonoid rich fraction and luteolin. Journal of pharmacognosy and phytochemistry martynia annua l. The leaf paste is used topically on tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands and wounds of domestic animals.
Martynia annua linn is commonly found in dense clumps on roadsides, degraded moist and dry deciduous forest, waste lands, and throughout india. Martyniaccae, a herbaceous erect, branched, glandular hairy annual herb. Martynia plant growing guide unicorn plant, cats claw. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs alternatively, you can download the pdf file directly to your computer, from where it. Preliminary pharmacological evaluation of martynia annua. Evaluation of antifertility effect and recovery of the seed oil constituents of iranian species of melia azadrach l. Martynia annua linn is commonly found in dense clumps on roadsides, degraded moist and dry deciduous forest, waste lands, and. R medical university, chennai, in partial fulfillment for the degree of master of pharmacy. Pinkish purple, small, hairy bell shaped wild flower used in. Euphorbiaceae, a small erect annual herb that grows up to 3040cm in height, is well. Comparative studies of burning rates and water boiling time.
International journal of pharm tech research, 2009. Previous studies have shown that preparations from the plant have antiseptic, antiinflammatory, and antiepileptic effects in vitro, but the biochemical composition and active. The antioxidant activity of the methanolic and aqueous extracts of martynia annua linn. Pdf the present work was undertaken to establish the. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. In general, 70% ethanol extracts were more potent compared to. Pdf on dec 1, 20, rameshroo kenwat and others published martynia annua. Preliminary phytochemical screening and in vitro antioxidant. Martyniaceae is native to mexico and is also found throughout india and pakistan where it is commonly known by various names, including cats claw, devils claw, bichchhu, pulinagam, kakanasika, and vichchida. Meet the martynia organic gardening mother earth news. From the available literature, it is known that various parts of the plant possess different. Lifestylerelated diseases such as diabetes are steadily increasing worldwide. It is commonly known as the cats claw or devilsclaw.
How to grow martynia plants guide to growing cats claw, unicorn plant, and tiger claw plant. Comparitively martynia annua was found to be efficient against all the four pathogens, whereas premna latifolia was found to be less efficient. Various medicinal plants have the most important routs for producing free. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Martin scorsese definition of martin scorsese by the. Seed oil applied on abscesses and for treating itching and skin affections. Natural antioxidants may help the body to protect itself from various types of oxidative damage which are linked to diseases such as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular disorders and aging. An overview find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. C this article has been rated as cclass on the projects quality scale. And pentanema indicum submitted to the tamil nadu dr. From the available literature, it is known that various parts of the plant possess different medicinal properties.1284 791 1336 20 247 767 1392 1533 1464 1586 360 886 1587 1650 366 176 685 400 337 944 1377 1420 1312 349 1511 801 244 68 1123 931 522 854 1087 428 676 1411 174 362 1265 175 34 854